Ranking is based on the container port performance ranking in the Container Port Performance Index (CPPI) 2020 report
During the pandemic, the efficiency of ports was put to the test, as ports became congested due to heavy traffic. We will look at the top five most efficient ports based on the CPPI ranking and some interesting facts about them.
1 – Port of Yokohama
As one of the first ports to be opened to foreign trade in 1859, the Port of Yokohama is the currently largest port in Japan, where cars and machinery are exported. In the 1920s, during Japan’s Meiji and Taisho periods, the Port acted as a center for exporting raw silk and importing technology goods. It is the first port and last port of call on many North American routes facing the Pacific Ocean.
2 – King Abdullah Port
Interestingly, the port is owned by the Ports Development Company, which makes the port the first in the region to be owned, developed and operated by the private sector. The port sits on the Red Sea coast and occupies an area of 17.4 km², which is about the size of Grand Turk island in the Atlantic Ocean.
3 – Port of Qingdao
Similar to the Port of Yokohama, it was once also a fishing village, but fortifications were made by the Qing dynasty government in 1891. In 1898, the German navy took control of the port and it became their base for their ships to operate in the Pacific region. Today, it is China’s fifth biggest port and was the first in the world to operate the suspended monorail capable of carrying fully loaded 20 and 40-foot containers.
4 – Port of Kaohsiung
Originally a small fishing village that was home for the indigenous Makato tribe, the harbour was developed by the Dutch during their domination from 1624 to 1660, which later saw major improvements and developments into a port by the Qing dynasty government after the Chinese regained the island. In 1924, 904 ships called at the port with almost 1.4 million tons of cargo, which doubled to some 2.5 million tons of cargo in 1937.
5 – Port of Shekou
The name “shekou” literally translates to snake mouth, which reflects its position at the tip of the Nantou peninsula, at the mouth of the Pearl River. The area of Shekou, historically, was previously a customs station of Bao’an County. The Port of Shekou is part of the large port complex of Shenzhen, and it plays a major role in the import of fruits into China. It is also one of China’s pioneer green terminals.
Crewing Online Media Team
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